The Moroccan Crises were two international conflicts that arose before Morocco was imperialized by Spain and France from 1905 to 1911. Problems were mainly over imperialism. While most countries in Africa were being colonized, Morocco was still independent. Many European nations, the French in particular, wanted control over Morocco. France made secret treaties and agreements with different countries in order to gain control of Morocco. France attempting to make Morocco into a protectorate stirred up conflict, specifically with Germany. Germany, under Kaiser Wilhelm II, didn't want Morocco to become colonized by France. As a result, Germany actively tried to prevent the French in both the First and Second Moroccan Crises (Events Leading to World War 1, Historyannex.com).